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The Marion-Linn Chapter was organized April 28th, 1928, in Marion, Iowa. Marion was selected in 1839 to be the first county seat of the newly-organized Linn County, Iowa. After years of debate over moving the county seat to Cedar Rapids, Iowa, it was put to a vote in 1919 and in a narrow margin, the county seat was voted in to be moved.


The Marion-Linn Chapter was named in honor of two famous men: General Francis Marion, a Revolutionary War hero, "The Swamp Fox" and Dr. Louis Linn, a pioneer doctor who was elected to the Territorial Legislature and to the United States Senate.


Francis Marion (1732-1795)
Revolutionary War Brigadier General
South Carolina Senator


Francis Marion 1732 -

Francis Marion, hero of the American Revolution, was born in 1732 at Goatfield Plantation in St. John's Parish of Berkeley County, South Carolina, the youngest of six children.  His French Huguenot parents, Gabriel and Esther Cordes Marion, moved to a plantation in Prince George, a parish on Winyah Bay near Georgetown, when Francis was about five. 

A great mysterious swamp lay at the edge of the Marion property which provided hours of exploration by the Marion children.


In adulthood, Francis, like the other Marion children, owned a plantation on the Santee River.   Francis's home was called Pond Bluff.


Marion served in two campaigns against the American Indians. In 1761 he distinguished himself as a lieutenant of militia by defeating some ambushed Cherokees.  Marion returned to St. John's and entered politics, championing the American colonies in their quarrel with England.  In 1775, Marion was elected to the South Carolina Provincial Congress as a representative.  This Congress authorized the formation of two regiments, Marion was captain of the Second Regiment.  In 1780 as a lieutenant colonel in the Continental service, Marion led an attack on Savannah.  In May of 1780 Gen. Benjamin Lincoln surrendered Charleston to the British.


In 1780, the British captured Charleston and the American troops got out of South Carolina. Marion, however, stayed and organized a small force of men.  The group was poorly equipped.  They were living off of the land. He surprised British troops by capturing small groups of soldiers, sabotaged communication links, and rescued American prisoners. After these attacks he retreated into the swamps.  The British were not familiar with swamps. Colonel Banastre Tarleton gave him the nickname "Swamp Fox" because he would retreat into swamps.  Towards the end of the war Marion and General Nathaniel Greene joined forces.  In 1781 they both fought the Battle of Eutaw Springs and forced the British to retreat to North Carolina.


In 1781, he was elected to the South Carolina Senate and in 1782 and 1784 he was reelected.  In appreciation for his service during the war, the state appointed him to Commander of Fort Johnson in Charleston.








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